In order to regulate the physiological and behavioral functions, our glands produce signaling molecules known as hormones.
They are very complex molecules with diverse chemical structures while some of them are antagonistic which means that they have totally opposite effects. For instance, insulin and glucagon are known as an antagonistic pair.
Insulin can remove the glucose from the bloodstream for storage as glycogen (a process known as signal transduction) while glucagon promotes the release of glucose into the bloodstream by converting the stored glycogen (a process known as signal transduction),
The antagonistic combination of leptin (the hormone related to satiety) and ghrelin (known as the hunger hormone) is another example of opposite hormones. When we haven’t eaten for a while, the levels of ghrelin tend to increase which makes us hungry. The ghrelin levels are reducing and the leptin levels increasing when we eat, thus leading to decreased hunger.
Our endocrine system is responsible for keeping the balance between various hormones. Pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands, testes in men and ovaries in women all secrete hormones which have different actions. When there is a balance in our hormones, we can say that our mental and physical condition is perfect.
But, there are many factors which can lead to hormonal imbalances including diet changes, diseases, or changes in the atmosphere, which can cause unpleasant symptoms and disorders. So, it is very important to keep your hormones balanced.
So, for that purpose, we will present you some herbs which are known due to their positive effect on human’s health.
This is the list of the most effective herbs which will help in balancing hormones:
- ASTRAGALUS (MILK VETCH)
For many years this herb was part of the Chinese Medicine due to its effectiveness to treat a number of health issues including liver problems, asthma, respiratory infections, and cardiovascular disease.
Besides being a powerful immunity booster, Milk Vetch contains cycloastragenol, a compound which has the ability to active the enzyme telomerase that protects the DNA of cells during cell division, which make this herb an effective anti-aging agent. Astragalus can regulate the blood sugar levels and blood pressure. It can protect the beta cells of the pancreas, responsible for the secretion of insulin. Astralagus counteracts insulin resistance and we all know that insulin resistance is the biggest cause of type 2 diabetes
- ASHWAGANDHA (WITHANIA SOMNIFERA)
Ashwagandha has the ability to balance both adrenal and thyroid gland, and this is why it was used in the Ayruvedic medicine for a long period. The ashwagandha extract is extremely beneficial for people who suffer from hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. This herb can prevent premature aging, reduce stress, and improve blood circulation.
Moreover, it is used to increase blood flow to the reproductive organs in women and to treat erectile dysfunction in men. Ashwagandha can improve memory as well, so it is recommended for older people.
- MACA ROOT (LEPIDIUM MEYENII)
For many years, people of the Andes have used Maca Root also known as Peruvian ginseng for treating a number of health problems. Today, this root is extremely popular because of its powerful energy boosting properties. A lot of professional athletes tend to use Maca powder in order to increase stamina. Maca root can also relieve stress due to its hormone balancing effect. It can relieve premenstrual syndrome and menopausal symptoms including night sweat and hot flashes.
- AMERICAN GINSENG (PANAX QUINQUEFOLIUS)American ginseng can support the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal), thus maintaining proper hormonal balance. It can relieve stress, increase nutrient absorption, strengthen the immune system, and improve digestion. This plant can improve sexual drive and performance, so it is extremely beneficial for male reproductive health.
- SAW PALMETTO (SERENOA REPENS)
The berry of Saw Palmetto is used for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. This herb can boost the immune system, relieve stress, reduce chronic fatigue, and increase sperm count. It is beneficial for the entire endocrine system, particularly for both female and male reproductive system.
- TRIBULUS (TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS)
For centuries, Chinese and Indian medicine have used the Tribulus extract in order to treat male reproductive problems including low sperm count. It can stimulate the androgen receptors in the brain, leading to better usage of these hormones. According to many studies, Tribulus contain an active compound known as Protodioscin which can increase the DHEA levels in men, thus increasing fertility and helping with erectile dysfunction.
- EPIMEDIUM (EPIMEDIUM SPP.)
Epimedium was used in the Chinese medicine for treating many health problems including memory loss, joint pain, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and osteoporosis. Some studies showed that it can be beneficial in the case of sexual dysfunction and in the case of irregular periods in women. Icariin is the active compound in Epimedium which can relax the muscles and mimics the hormone testosterone, thus resulting in improved sexual performance.
- CHASTEBERRY (VITEX AGNUS-CASTUS)
Chasteberry extract can regulate hormones such as estrogen, luteinizing hormone, stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin follicle, thus acting on the pituitary gland. It can be used for treating health problems caused by hormonal imbalance in women including menopausal problems, polycystic ovary disease, uterine fibroids, premenstrual syndrome and cyclical breast pain.
- SUMA ROOT (PFAFFIA PANICULATA)
Suma root can increase strength, improve the immune system, and normalize the endocrine function. It is known for its many names including ‘Russian Secret’ which occur as a result of the Russian athletes who have used an extract from this plant in order to improve their performances after it was found out that it has a stronger anabolic effect compared to methandrostenolone and Dianabol (anabolic steroids). Suma Root can also stimulate appetite, balance blood sugar levels, and improve memory.
- BLACK COHOSH (ACTAEA RACEMOSA)
Black cohosh was used by the Native Americans for treating a number of health issues related to female fertility. Some studies showed that Black cohosh contains certain components which can act like estrogen in the brain, and have a similar effect on the reproductive system. Actually, a lot of menopausal women use Black cohosh in order to reduce symptoms related to lack of estrogen. This plant has a high content of isoferulic acid and can relieve swelling and pain linked to rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.